How do Microchips work | Who invented the Microchip


How Do Microchips Work 

Microchips are small silicon plates. Plates where highly complex microelectronic components are located, so-called integrated circuits, transistors, diodes and various types of sensors. All these “small objects” are mostly made of semiconductors made from silicon.

Semiconductors are objects whose electrical conductivity travels between conductors (metals) and insulators (glass and ceramic objects). Conductivity does not depend on temperature, (How Do Microchips Work) but also on the purity of the material from which they are made. Silicon is one of the most important materials for the realization of these semiconductors. 

Transistor is a switch that can be set to ON (1) and OFF (0). This information is read by the processor millions of times and this allows data processing according to the binary system. 



Who Invented The Microchip 

1958 Three men from three American companies solved three fundamental problems that hindered the production of integrated circuits. Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments patented the principle of integration, creating and commercializing the first prototype IC. 

Kilby’s invention was a hybrid integrated circuit (hybrid IC) rather than a monolithic integrated circuit (monolithic IC) chip. Between late 1958 and early 1959, Kurt Lehovec of the Sprague Electric Company developed a way to electrically isolate components on a semiconductor crystal using p–n junction isolation. 

By 1969, there were already over 600 transistors on a single chip. Now, you have thousands of transistors of different shapes and sizes on every single chip these days. The first microprocessor was introduced in the market in 1971. 

Its functionality allowed computers, control units, memories and memories to communicate with each other and then to execute commands present in programs. In this way, a single microchip model can be used for a variety of purposes. 

The connection paths between components resemble real roads. They connect the various points of the microchip and serve to communicate information and commands. 

A microprocessor processes data that is entered by the user using a keyboard or software using preset programs. This information is present in a memory, where application programs and the actual operating system are also stored. 

The data required by the memory is transmitted to the computer to perform the computation operations necessary to perform the specified operation for which it was developed. The results of these calculations are output to a memory and then displayed on the screen, transmitted to a printer or sent to a new job. 


[How do Microchips work | Who invented the Microchip]

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