Bees are active from spring to autumn and play an important role in maintaining the balance of the natural world, such as pollinating plants. (Venomous Bee) Although he has a venomous sting, he has a relatively gentle personality and will not be stabbed unless provoked.
In the spring-summer season, dozens of bees can be found in the trees and eaves of the garden. It is called Madhukosh, which is the farewell (moving) of the honeycomb.
Africanized honey bees are called killer bees because of their ability to kill humans when attacked. It is also popular for being the most defensive of all. Their swarms attack European bee hives and capture them and establish their new queen after killing the European queen.
Bee Life Cycle
Bees are mysterious insects. Bees are known to produce honey, which is a sweet treat. To produce honey, the bee must collect flower nectar. (10 Facts About Honeybees) A bee blows about one lakh flowers to produce 100 grams of honey. The insect has a special proboscis with which it collects drops of nectar. The bee transfers the nectar to a special organ called the honey ventricle.
The flight speed of a bee is 65 km/h, which is roughly equal to the speed of a car in a city. In one flight, the bee picks up almost as much nectar as it weighs. With a full honey ventricle, the bee can reach speeds of up to 30 km/h.
To get 1 kg of honey, a bee has to fly up to 150 thousand from the hive. On average, a bee travels up to 3 kilometers in one flight. (Bee Social Structure) To produce one kilogram of honey, a bee has to fly an average of 450 thousand kilometers. This means that the distance traveled by the bee is about 10 times the distance it takes to fly around the Earth’s equator.
Bees bring honey to the hive, where they pass it on to other receiving bees. The receiving bees take the honey into their ventricles. Then the following manipulations are performed with a drop of nectar: the bee opens its jaws and expels a drop of nectar from its ventricle at the tip of the proboscis, and then returns the drop. This manipulation is repeated up to 250 times. After that, a drop of nectar is placed in the cell. This is ready-made honey.
Bee Social Structure
A bee’s nest consists of a queen bee and several worker bees. When a new queen bee is born in a nest, the old queen bee moves in a group, with worker bees in the nest. This is called a split bee. For social insects such as bees, bees play an important role as a way of raising a swarm.
How do Bees Understand each other?
It turns out that the bees tell each other where to fly for the honey. The hive has scout bees that hunt for meadows of flowers. After that, the bee returns to the hive and tells the rest of the bees where to fly.
The communication of bees is carried out with the help of “dance”. The dances can have complex turns and “eights”. By tilting the body on the axis of the figure eight, (Venomous Bee) the bee indicates the direction in which to fly. Some scientists believe that the circular motion of the bees means the flowers are close to the hive, and the swaying motion means you have to fly far enough away.
How does a young Bee become a queen?
Worker bees (nurse bees), which take care of larvae that develop into cells, have a special gland on their heads that produces royal jelly – a thick jelly containing water, protein, sugars, fats, and vitamins. Like mass. other useful substances.
Larvae of worker bees and drones receive royal jelly only in the first three days of life, and then begin feeding on bee bread – a mixture of pollen and honey. The queen bee larvae feed on royal jelly for the entire period of development.
Since royal jelly is very nutritious, queen larvae are about 2 times larger than worker bee larvae and they live in much larger giant cells (queen cells). If several young queens appear in the hive at the same time, they get into a mortal war with each other.
The queen bee does not feed on the larvae and does not produce wax cells. Its main activities are laying eggs in empty cells and maintaining order in the hive. By releasing special odorous substances – pheromones, it controls the behavior of its “subjects” and directs the entire life of the bee colony.
10 Facts About Honeybees
- There are more than 20,000 species of bees found all over the world.
- Bee is the only kit on earth by which the food prepared is eaten by humans.
- Apart from honey, bees also get wax and their canopy is made of wax.
- You will be surprised to know that bees have the juice of about 40 lakh flowers to make 1 kg of honey.
- The lifespan of a healthy fly is about 45 days.
- There is a leader fly in the swarm of bees which is the queen of these bees. Thousands of flies living in the hive have to obey the orders of the queen bee.
- Honey made by bees does not spoil for thousands of years.
- The hive of the bees is of HEXAGONAL shape, that is, the bees make a house of 6 corners.
- Bees have a flying speed of 15 kilometers per hour.
- A group of bees includes 20,000-60,000 honey bees and a queen. Worker bees are female, live for about 6 weeks and do all the work.
[Venomous Bee | 10 Facts About Honeybees]