What are G Waves?
We are talking about a representation of a turbulence in space-time that results from the existence of an accelerated massive body producing an expansion of energy in all directions at the speed of light. The occurrence of gravitational waves allows space-time to stretch without being able to return to its original position. It also produces subtle disturbances that can only be perceived in advanced scientific laboratories. All gravitational disturbance is capable of propagating at the speed of light.
They usually arise between two or more space bodies that produce the diffusion of energy carried in all directions. It is a phenomenon that causes space-time to expand in such a way that it can return to its original state. The discovery of G Waves has made a very important contribution to the study of space through its waves. Thanks to this, other models can be proposed to understand the behavior of space and all its features.
If you throw a stone in water, it will ripple. Gravitational waves are similar to such waves, only fluctuating in space-time. G Waves are emitted by everything that has mass and moves with variable acceleration, even a braking machine.
But in this case, the waves are so small that the laws of physics do not allow them to be captured. The easiest way to detect gravitational waves is after a universal catastrophe—when black holes or neutron stars collide: relatively compact but extremely massive objects.
Origin of Gravitational Waves
Theoretically, every object that is accelerating produces a gravitational wave. But the gravitational wave produced by objects of low mass and low acceleration is so weak that it is very difficult to detect them. The more mass an object is and the greater its acceleration, the more powerful gravitational waves it will produce. Life starts growing rapidly in the last stage and they explode.
Similarly, powerful gravitational waves are produced when two supermassive black holes collide, pulling each other into one. The gravitational waves produced during star explosions or collisions between black holes are so strong that they can be measured (detected) even on Earth, located millions of light-years away.
What causes gravitational waves?
The most powerful gravitational waves are created when objects move at very high speeds. Some examples of events that can cause a gravitational wave:
- When two black holes orbit each other and merge
- When a star in particular explodes (called a supernova)
- When two massive stars orbit each other
Any activity that would create G Waves in the universe would produce gravitational waves, but these types of objects that produce G Waves are far away. And sometimes, these events only cause small, weak G Waves. By the time they reach Earth the waves are very weak. This makes it difficult to detect gravitational waves.
Do gravitational waves travel at the speed of light?
The next issue for the researchers is to compare the LIGO data with those of other observatories. So they would be able to determine if they had received a signal at the same time, that is, at the same speed. Physicists believe that gravity propagates with the help of gravitons – quantum particles that are the gravitational analog of photons. If gravitons do not have the same mass as photons, they can travel in space-time at the speed of light, which corresponds to the terms of the general theory of relativity.
Their speed can be changed by the expansion of the universe, which is accompanied by acceleration. In any case, this effect is unlikely to appear within the LIGO laboratory, as it is a truly cosmic scale.
There is also a possibility that gravity still has some mass. In this case, they would propagate at less than the speed of light. So, if LIGO (USA) and VIRGO (Europe) notice that gravitational waves arrive at them with a certain delay compared to the gamma-ray flash from the same source, fundamental physics will be immediately modified.