What is a Lithium Battery | Types of Lithium Battery


What is a Lithium Battery 

Lithium is the lightest metal, it is twice as light as water and also floats in kerosene. Lithium has a huge electrochemical potential, (What is a Lithium Battery) making it one of the most active metals. This property of lithium makes it possible to create batteries and accumulators based on it with very high energy density, with minimal size and weight. 

A lithium-ion battery is a battery that has a positive electrode and a negative electrode, and charges and discharges lithium ions by moving them between them. Generally, a battery that can be charged and discharged repeatedly is called a secondary battery. 

And a battery which gets exhausted is called a primary battery. It can store large amounts of electrical power, and is used in a wide variety of applications such as PC batteries for mobile phones and familiar objects, and robots, factories, and cars for industrial use. 


Do all Lithium-Ion Batteries have the same performance? 

There are different types of lithium-ion batteries, with different characteristics depending on the size of the battery and the material used for the positive and negative electrodes. 

For example, with respect to Toshiba’s industrial lithium-ion battery SCiB™, using lithium titanate for the negative electrode, safety, long life, low temperature performance, quick charging, high input/output, and large effective capacity. It has unique features. 

What is a Lithium Battery, Types of Lithium Battery

How does a Lithium-Ion Battery store energy? 

Lithium-ion batteries are mainly composed of (1) the positive electrode and the negative electrode, (2) the separator that separates the positive electrode and the negative electrode, and (3) the electrolyte that fills the space between them. (Types of Lithium Battery) The positive electrode and negative electrode can each store lithium ions, and by transferring these lithium ions through the positive electrode and electrolyte to the negative electrode, energy can be stored and used. 


Types of Lithium Battery 

  1. Lithium cobalt oxide
  2. Lithium manganese oxide
  3. Lithium iron phosphate
  4. Lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide 
  5. Lithium nickel cobalt aluminum oxide
  6. Lithium titanate


Lithium iron Battery Charge and discharge

The biggest advantage of lithium-ion batteries is that they can be charged and recharged hundreds of times. While the battery is in use, it continues. (What is a Lithium Battery) The battery’s anode on the other hand releases lithium ions. As a result, electrons flow from one side to the other. 

On the other hand, when you recharge the device, the lithium ions come out of the cathode and go to the other side. So, this is how these batteries can be charged and recharged. If lithium-ion batteries are charged properly, they can maintain their capacity even after thousands of charge and recharge cycles. 

This is good news for those people who do not want to replace these units after a year or two. Once installed, these units can be good for up to 6 years of care. So, this is one of the biggest downsides of these products. 


Be careful while using the battery 

If there is no battery in the mobile then nothing can work, but if the battery is not used properly then it can give you financial or physical loss. That is why it is important to use mobile phones in a safe way. These precautions are as follows. 

  • Do not make calls while the mobile is charging. 
  • If the battery becomes hot during charging then remove the charging as soon as possible and contact a service center. 
  • If the battery of the phone is drained, remove it immediately. 
  • When purchasing a new phone, do not remove its battery without fully charging it. 
  • Mostly try to put it in charging only when the battery is completely drained. 


[What is a Lithium Battery | Types of Lithium Battery] 


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