Are Platypus venomous or poisonous | Platypus a Mysterious
Are Platypus venomous or poisonous
The calcaneus spur found on the hind limb of the male is used to deliver the venom. While both male and female platypus are born with ankle spurs, only the spurs on the male’s back ankles deliver the venom.
Composed largely of defensin-like proteins (DLPs), three of which are unique. Platypus DLP is produced by the immune system of the platypus. The function of defensins is to cause lysis in pathogenic bacteria and viruses, but in platypuses they also turn into venom for defense. Although the venom is powerful enough to kill small animals such as dogs, the venom is not fatal to humans, but the pain is so excruciating that the victim may be incapacitated.
Edema from platypus venom develops rapidly around the wound and gradually spreads to the entire affected limb. Information from case histories and anecdotal evidence indicates that pain develops into long-lasting hyperalgesia (increased sensitivity to pain) that persists for days or months.
The venom is produced in the crural glands of males, which are kidney-shaped alveolar glands connected by a thin-walled duct to the calcaneus spur on each hind limb. The female platypus, in general echidnas, has rudimentary spur buds that do not develop (fall off before the end of their first year) and lack functional crural glands.
The venom appears to function differently than those produced by non-mammalian species; Its effects are not life threatening to humans, (Are Platypus Venomous) but are nonetheless powerful enough to seriously affect the victim. Since only males produce venom during the breeding season and production increases, it can be used as an offensive weapon to establish dominance during this period.
Similar spurs are found on several archaeal mammal groups, indicating that it is an ancient feature for mammals as a whole, and not specific to the platypus or other monotremes.
Platypus a mysterious species
Duck-like beak, thick brown fur, beaver-like flattened tail and four webbed feet. It looks like a combination of mole and duck, but it is actually a rare animal on Earth that has characteristics of birds, mammals and reptiles, and is found only in Australia. Whether the (are platypus venomous) One theory is that it already inhabited Earth when there were dinosaurs, and fossils have been found in primitive mammals. It is also called a “living fossil”.
The platypus is still a mysterious creature, but a few years ago a fossil of a giant platypus about 1 meter in length was discovered in Austria. Furthermore, although this fossil did develop teeth, the extant platypus does not have teeth. According to the research team that discovered the fossil, this era is believed to be from 15 to 5 million years ago.
There is also a hypothesis that at that time the giant platypus may have been a ferocious carnivore that caught and ate larger creatures than the present-day platypus. The wild platypus still inhabits some areas of South Australia along the east coast of Australia.
Diet of Platypus
Platypus are carnivores, they hunt underwater for their food. When they swim, they try to locate food with the help of their sensitive beaks in the muddy (MUDDY) bottom of a river, stream, pond or lake. As they capture their prey, they temporarily store it in the back of their jaws so that they can search for more food. Since they do not have teeth, they use the bony surface inside their beaks. With the help of this they chew their food.
Life Cycle of Platypus
Most mammals give birth to babies. The platypus, however, lays eggs. When the female platypus is ready to lay her eggs, she seals herself in a small underground tunnel on the banks of the river. She lays one or two eggs, and to keep them warm, she buries them with her tail and her tail. puts it in between. (Platypus a Mysterious Species) After 10 days, the babies come out of the eggs, the babies suck the milk from the child’s breasts, and grow completely in 3-4 months.
[Are Platypus Venomous | Platypus a Mysterious Species]