Function of a Liver and Liver Location In Body
Liver is the largest organ or largest gland in the human body. The average liver weight of an adult person is about 1500 grams. (Function of a Liver) This organ is important for the body’s metabolic functions and the immune system. Without a liver, it is impossible for a person to survive. The liver functions as both an organ and a gland. It is also called essential gland because of this it secretes useful chemicals for other parts of the body.
Structure of Liver
The liver is shaped like a football or a cone. It consists of two main parts or lobes, which are called right lobes and left lobes. Each lobe is divided into eight segments, each segment containing about 1,000 smaller lobes or lobules. The lobules are connected by ducts or a small tube, these ducts carry bile to the gallbladder and small intestine
Compared to other parts of the body, most of the blood flows through the liver. About 13 percent of the body’s blood supply is found in the liver.
Liver Location In Body
The liver is located in the upper right side of the abdomen in the human body, just below the human diaphragm. The liver is reddish-brown in colour. Usually the liver cannot be felt, as it is protected by the rib cage. And the liver is the largest internal organ of the body.
Function of a Liver
The liver has many functions, including detoxification, metabolism, hormone regulation, protein synthesis, digestion, and the breakdown of red blood cells. Following are the important functions of the liver in the human body.
- The liver manufactures antibodies and antigens.
- The liver metabolizes the drugs.
- After protein metabolism in the body, ammonia is produced as a waste, which is made harmless by the liver by converting it into urea, and the urea is excreted out of the body as urine.
- The liver also performs the function of converting glucose into glycogen (fuel for the body). Glycogen is stored as energy storage in liver and muscle cells.
- The liver plays an important role in the formation of cholesterol and triglycerides.
- Responsible for breaking down insulin and other hormones in the body.
- The liver helps to separate fat from the food consumed. It also serves to store fat or release fat as energy.
- The main function of the liver is to purify the blood coming from the digestive system and send it to other parts of the body.
- The liver detoxifies or neutralizes chemicals.
- The liver synthesizes proteins for blood clotting and other functions.
- The liver produces bile, which is necessary for the digestion of food.
- The liver functions to store vitamins and minerals and make them available to the body as needed. These vitamins and minerals include: vitamin B12, folic acid, iron, vitamin A, vitamin D and vitamin K, among others.
[Function of a Liver and Liver Location In Body]