Saturn Atmosphere | Characteristic of the planet Saturn
Saturn atmosphere is certainly not very breathable as it is mainly composed of hydrogen and helium with some methane, ammonia and water vapour. Beneath the atmosphere we find a large layer of liquid hydrogen like Jupiter and a small solid core in the center, so it can be safely said that Saturn does not have a real surface. In reality, there is no separation between the atmosphere and the planet’s interior, but as you move down toward the center, you encounter increasingly dense and hot gas.
In addition to the rings we’re going to talk about shortly, Saturn also has several satellites, numbering 18, with Titan being the largest. After Ganymede, it is the second largest satellite in the Solar System, but it is the only one that has a dense atmosphere rich in nitrogen and carbon compounds, one of the elements that make up the cells of living beings. The pressure in this atmosphere is similar to that of Earth’s atmosphere.
Rings Of Saturn
It is nothing new that Saturn has rings, in fact, it has long been known since the time of Galileo Galilei, who observed them with the means of time, with his ordinary telescope.
It was a fleeting sight, followed by Christian Huygens identifying him with a more powerful device in 1655. A little because of the colours, a little because of their width, they are very bright rings, even though it may be said that the larger ones are actually made up of thousands of thin rings.
However, this is not an effect: Saturn’s ring system is much larger. The various rings are arranged in a thin disc, about 275,000 km in diameter but only 3 km thick. What are these rings made of? legitimate curiosity. They are composed of a myriad of particles of rock, dust and ice: silicates, iron material and frozen carbon dioxide.
Characteristic Of The Planet Saturn
Not only is it of considerable size: this planet is actually the second largest after Jupiter and moreover resembles it in many ways. We have said that it is one of the most famous planets because of its unique ring system, but let’s go ahead and discover for example that its surface is yellow in color due to clouds.
When we talked about Jupiter we mentioned the presence of whirlpools and storms, similarly we can mention them for Saturn which has very strong surface winds, speeds up to 1,800 kmph!
Saturn’s years are much longer than terrestrial years and it all depends on its motion around the Sun. Let us assume that it is located at a distance of one billion 429 million km, (Second Largest Planet In The Solar System) so it can complete one revolution in 29 and half a terrestrial year.. In math, each season lasts for 7 earth years.
Curious how Saturn’s days are much shorter than Earth’s, this is because the planet rotates rapidly around its axis, taking only 10 hours 39 minutes to complete one rotation, less than half a day.
Another characteristic of Saturn is its lightness: it is a gaseous planet, and it is the “lightest” of all because it has a density of just 0.7, which is less than water. (Size Of Saturn) “Thrown” into a vast ocean, Saturn would float due to its low density and also because of its rapid rotation.
Also, due to the density and speed of rotation, the shape of this planet is also somewhat flattened. What happened? It’s quite simple, the centrifugal force due to rotation pushes out the regions of the planet that spin faster, that is, those closest to the equator. Here we have a planet crushed at the poles.
Facts about Saturn
Second Largest Planet In The Solar System
Along with Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune, Saturn is considered a giant planet. Let’s find out some curious details about the size of the planet.
Size Of Saturn
Saturn, with a radius of 58,232 km, is the second largest planet in our solar system – only another gas giant, Jupiter, is larger than it. To travel along the planet’s equator, you would have to cover a distance of 365,882 kilometers!
How Many Times Bigger Is Saturn Than Earth?
Saturn’s radius is about 9.5 times the radius of our planet; In addition, the gas giant is about 95 times more massive. To better understand the size of Saturn, imagine that 764 Earth-like planets can fit inside it.
Each planet in the solar system takes a certain amount of time to complete one revolution around the Sun and one revolution on its axis. On Earth, these periods last for 365.25 days and 24 hours respectively, but on Saturn everything is different.
How long is a day on Saturn?
Saturn makes one revolution on its axis in just 10 hours 32 minutes – the second shortest day among the planets in our solar system. Only Jupiter spins faster. Due to the fast speed of rotation, Saturn will flatten at the poles and extend towards the equator.
How long is a year on Saturn?
Like Jupiter, Saturn also spins very fast on its axis, but it takes a long time to complete one revolution around the Sun. The speed at which Saturn revolves around the star is small: a year on the planet lasts 29,4571 Earth years or 10,759 Earth days.
How far is Saturn from Earth?
The planet revolves around the Sun at a distance of about 9.5 AU. It is 9.5 times the distance between Earth and our star. This is equal to 1.486 billion kilometers.
[Saturn Atmosphere | Characteristic of the planet Saturn]