Types of Force

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Types of Force,

 

What is Force? 

Force is an interaction of an object with mass, which causes the velocity of the object to change. (Types of force) It can be defined as pushing or pulling a particular object. Force is a vector quantity which means it has both magnitude and direction. 

When objects interact with each other, it causes a pushing or pulling in force. For example, when you try to push a ball, it is because of the force acting on the ball that changes its speed. A force applied from outside has the ability to change the position of a particular object. 

The direction in which the force is applied is known as the direction of that force. In this post, we will discuss everything related to force including its formula and types. Check out the article given below to learn about the force. 

 

Force Effect 

Whenever a force is applied to an object, it tends to change its shape, size, speed or direction. It changes the speed of an object. Momentum is the speed of a body. Here are some of the effects that are applied to its objects.

  • It changes the direction of an object.
  • It can move a body from rest to rest. 
  • It can increase or decrease or change the speed of an object. 
  • It can stop a moving body.
  • It can change the shape or size of an object. 

 

Force Formula 

The force can be found by multiplying the mass (m) and the acceleration (a). The equation for the force formula can be expressed in the form below. 

Types of Force

It is calculated in Newton (N) or Kgm/s². 

The formula to find acceleration “a” is, a = v/t 

Types of Force

Hence force can be defined as follows; F = mv/t

The inertia formula is written as p = mv which can also be defined in terms of momentum. 

Types of Force 

There are different types of forces that act on an object. Here are some of the commonly applied types of force. 

  1. Muscular Force 
  2. Mechanical force
  3. Frictional Force
  4. Gravitational Force
  5. Electrostatic Force
  6. Magnetic Force 
  7. Normal Force
  8. Spring force

 

1. Muscular Force 

It can be simply defined as the force that we apply to daily work, like we lift, breathe, exercise etc. It acts after coming in contact with the object. This force is due to the action of our muscles. When we use our muscles to perform daily tasks, the force of the muscles is exerted on the object.

 2. Mechanical Force 

Mechanical force occurs when there is direct contact between two objects where one object is applying force while the other object is in a state of rest or in a state of motion. Someone pushing a door is an example of mechanical force. 

3. Frictional Force

Frictional force is the opposing force between two surfaces whose main purpose is to create resistance to an object moving in the same direction or opposite direction. When we ride a bicycle, a frictional force acts. 

4. Gravitational Force 

Gravitational force is the force of attraction that attracts two objects with mass. Earth’s gravitational force pulls us to the ground. It always tries to pull people towards each other and never tries to separate them.

5. Electrostatic Force 
The electromagnetic force is also known as the Coulomb force or the Coulomb interaction. It is the force between two electrically charged objects. According to this force, just as charges attract each other, opposites repel. Lightning is an example of an electromagnetic force. 
6. Magnetic Force 
Magnetic force is the force that arises between electrically charged particles due to their motion. The magnetic force can be observed between the poles of the 2 magnets. It is attractive or repulsive in nature depending on the orientation of the object. This can be called an example of a magnetic force (electrostatic force).
7. Normal Force 
When a book is lying on the table, even though it seems that it’s stationary, it’s not. An opposing force is still acting on the book wherein the force from gravity is pulling us towards the earth. This force is the ‘normal force’. 
8. Spring force 
Spring force comes from the displacement of molecules. It is always opposite the displacement of spring.
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